Month: October 2016
The idea of actually creating an unfitted kitchen is not new; recently, however, and possibly in reaction to the unbroken but rather anonymous lines of units typical of the 1960s and 1970s, unfitted kitchen designs have begun to re-establish itself as more than a viable alternative – both with regard to function and aesthetics.
By having kitchen furniture as opposed to built-in units you change the whole character of the space, making it more of a room than a work station. If your aim is to create an entertaining and relaxed living area, rather than keeping cooking and dining areas more formally separated, you will find that unfitted pieces will sit more happily-alongside bookcases, desks and sofas than any of their fitted counterparts – of whatever material.
But unfitted furniture has other advantages too. You can take it with you should you decide to change home; just as well because a solid wood food cupboard made from quality timber will be expensive, the sort of long-term investment that you would not want to leave behind. You can also vary the height of unfitted furniture so that your work surfaces can vary in height to suit a range of functions: it is, for instance, easy to arrange for a long table with a sink and draining board built into it to be higher than one intended for chopping vegetables; or surfaces at varying levels might be incorporated into a single, movable piece.
Traditional natural materials spring to mind – natural woods with maple, teak, granite or slate work surfaces – in rooms inspired by the simple but exquisite interiors of the American Shaker communities or the vast echoing kitchens of eighteenth-century English country houses. Beautifully made work tables fitted with draining boards and deep butler’s sinks, vast larder cupboards with woven vegetable baskets on runners and built-in spice racks, and contemporary interpretations of country dressers all serve to create a traditional farmhouse feel, with all the modern appliances hidden carefully in cupboards to maintain the appropriate atmosphere. You could equally easily, however, use lacquered fiberboard, opaque or clear glass or brushed metal for a more contemporary feel.
Although the US became independent of Britain in 1776, the countrys dependence on Britain and Europe for the goods needed to build the new country remained. For many years all the mechanical equipment the country needed was imported. With the beginning of the industrial revolution in Britain, the sophistication of the machinery began to increase and so did the cost. Whether the increased costs of this machinery was justified or just a case of a near monopoly supplier using its position to charge exorbitant process is still being debated today. Whatever the reason, the end result was that imported equipment became too expensive to be economical. But since the country needed more and more such goods, from ploughs to printing presses to cannons, the only options was to start manufacturing them domestically. Craftsmen began to make things that till then had been imported. The range of products was vast, from furniture to glass, leather goods, gunpowder to sewing needles and wagon wheels and much more.
The wealthy tended to look down on such craftsmen as being socially inferior to them and none suffered more from this than the blacksmith whose forge was hot, dirty, sweaty and full of smoke and soot. The blacksmith himself would usually be covered with the by products of his trade. And yet, the blacksmith was also the most important man in the village. His was an art that not everyone was strong enough to undertake or had the aptitude for. But every other craftsman depended on the blacksmith to provide the tools that were needs for the other crafts to develop.
The Colonial blacksmiths job revolved around creating and repairing iron tools and implements that were needed in farming, construction and engineering. From ploughs to door hinges to gears and armaments, there was no field of colonial activity where he did not play a part. Becoming a blacksmith in colonial times was not easy. Although there were no formal qualifications, a young man had to undergo a long period of apprenticeship until he had learned enough of the trade to start out on his own. A boy usually became an apprentice at the age of 14 or 15 and continue with the apprenticeship until he reached the age of 20 to 22. The apprentice lived in the forge shop and was responsible for it upkeep, cleanliness, lighting the fires each day and all the other chores. As time passed he would begin to help the master blacksmith in minor metal work and as his skills increased he would be given larger roles until such time as he was able to undertake large and complex projects on his own, at which time his apprenticeship was considered to be over.
The colonial blacksmith was part of the expansion into and settlement of the interiors of the country. As the population spread westwards, every settlement needed a blacksmith without whom the settlements would not be able to produce or repair the implements they needed to survive. As the settlements grew and more blacksmith set up shop, they diversified their trade from manufacturing the tools of survival to making items of domestic use and for decoration. Relics of colonial blacksmith work show impressive degrees of fine details and adornment.
Owning a house is not easy and everyone has to experience the -joy- of having a Luton plumber fixing their system at least once in their lives. But if you don’t want to turn these visits into regulars here are some measures that prevent this and can be of great assistance when you want to control the cost of these expenses. Once you take these measures into account, your plumbing system will thank you and your house would look much better. Detecting leakage
It doesn’t matter the size of the leakage, but what is really important is to detect it as soon as possible in order to prevent further issues. Those leakage problems that remain undetected and untreated for a certain period of time are bound to generate expensive repairs. These can be found almost everywhere but most often, they appear in the bathroom and kitchen fixtures.
Another good idea would be to control those places that are not proper insulated because this way your pipes are often more exposed to corrosive factors. Of course, this does not mean that insulated parts will have no problem, but through this process you can rest assured that the pipes in your home will have an extra protection against destruction or cracks. If you decide to contact a Luton plumber, this will make sure that everything is alright and will save you from paying more in case things get serious.
Watch Out for the Sensitive Areas
Remember to check for the broken seals that might exist in your house because these can cause issues with a massive impact on your home. And the bad news is that you might not even discover them in time because when the clear signs appear, it might be too late to fix something. One of your most important jobs is to reassure yourself that the seals around windows, vents or doors are clean and do not present any sign of deterioration.
In some cases, repairing these issues does not require massive training and can be done even by the home owners, but if the problems go unattended for a longer period of time, then the results can be irreparable. For these easier problems, some caulking might get your rid of the minor issues. Try it. You never know!
Insulated Exposed Pipes
As it was already said, the pipes which are more vulnerable have bigger chances to suffer leakage, corrosion or cracks than the pipes which have previously been insulated. Thus, make sure you do not forget to insulate these pipes. How? It is easy. Just wrap towels around them or even some foam would be good (it can be bought from the local hardware stores). However, if you don’t want to get involved into the situation call a plumber and he will know what to do.
Remember that these are just some tips on how maintain your plumbing system. But what is more advisable is to keep in touch with a good Luton plumber and have him check your house thoroughly. You can always try our Luton plumbing company. Once you receive the green light that everything is at place, just respect the suggestions presented and take good care of your house. Simple and easy!
Sunspeed Flooring Co.,Ltd.,as one of the best laminate flooring suppliers and manufacturers in laminate flooring industry in China, can supply you laminate flooring with a difference,focusing on providing the most hard-working customer service in our industry.
As you know, Sunspeed has been in laminate flooring industry about 13 years, and we always pay more attention to product development, through our mutual efforts, now we can produce laminate flooring in more than ten different surface types, like texture,crystal, wood grain,embossed ,gloss, hand scraped and so on, I will introduce two classical surface types (textured and embossed in register ) for you in the following.
textured laminate flooring , as one of the most classical and popular products in Sunspeed, realizes the dreams of clients to pay less and obtain something uncannily close to real wood flooring.In other words, you can say that textured laminate flooring is an important breakthrough in laminate flooring industry.
Moreover the manufacturer process of textured laminate flooring is that making the flooring surfaces stand out the natural texture of real wood through special machine treatment, just because this reason, more and more clients tend to choose textured laminate flooring as their first choice when home decoration, making their warm home natural and modern feelings.
With the higher requirements for home decoration, textured laminate flooring becomes more and more popular in recent years, and enjoys a very good reputation all over the whole world.
Moreover, about embossed in register laminate flooring , embossed in register laminate flooring, as one kind of our high-end products, only can be matched with 12mm thickness laminate flooring, because only 12mm thickness can stands out its unique and noble.
Frankly speaking, embossed in register laminate flooring has a short history in the market of China, or you can say that it is really a very new product in Chinese laminate flooring industry, just because its specificity, it is becoming more and more popular in the world and the marketing account share is increasing year by year.
On the other hand, embossed in register laminate flooring looks like more similar with engineered wood flooring and solid wood flooring,while the price of embossed in register laminate flooring is much cheaper than wood flooring, it can built the same feeling of real wood flooring only need little money, so we have to say it a kind of product high cost performance.
Sunspeed flooring always pay more attention to quality control and cost control, the target of Sunspeed is our clients can get the best laminate flooring while in the least price.
Please kindly believe us,Sunspeed is sure your true choice, I am sure you will amazing with our product quality, our price and our before-sale and after-sale service.
Sunspeed is waiting for you to open a bright door!
It is an easy task to improve the indoor air quality of your home while improving its energy efficiency at the same time. Knowing some basic steps is all you need to get started.
Improve Air Quality and Energy Efficiency by Eliminating Drafts
The first order of business is to eliminate as many drafts as possible. This will limit the quantity of airborne allergens that can enter your home from outside. The prevention of drafts will both improve the quality of the air inside your home and will also increase the energy efficiency of your air conditioning/heating system. Much of your high energy costs is due to loss of heat in the winter and in the summer, the loss of air conditioning,generates higher energy bills and it wastes your money and our natural resources.
Reducing drafts helps reduce the outside irritants and toxic particles that can be found suspended in outdoor air and have less chance of getting into your home.
Air Circulation Improves Improve Air Quality and Energy Efficiency
Circulating the air inside becomes very important as it allows the air to move around and the rooms will not become stuffy, stale and full of odors. Using an air conditioner to control the humidity in your home will also reduce or eliminate humidity and reduce the need for a dehumidifier which is very expensive to operate.
Create a Save Haven in Your Home
Your ability to control your indoor air quality and energy efficiency will allow you to create a safe haven in your home, This will help protected from airborne microbes such as small pox, anthrax, botulism, toxic gas, and radio active particle that can be released by terrorists or by accident.
Improve Air Quality and Energy Efficiency by Leakage Testing
A simple air leakage test is your first step you need to do to improve your indoor air quality and energy efficiency. All that is needed is a fan set up near an outer doorway. After placing the fan in the outer doorway, you will observe that eh amount of air that flows through the fan is equal to the air that is flowing through any leaks in the outer shell of the building.
If you use white smoke while you perform the leakage test, you will see openings in windows or door that are allowing your air conditioning and heating to escape or toxins to enter. Mold spores, dust, insects and pollen enter the home through these cracks.
Most people are aware of the fact that older homes are often drafty due to multiple leaks, but believe it or not, newly constructed homes can also have air leaks. It is estimated that new homes can have upwards of 300 square inches of air openings in the outer shell. If you have a ducted air circulation system in your home, these openings can create a significant level of pressure inside the home that will drive air through these openings. Don’t fall into the trap of thinking that since you have a new home, you don’t have any leakage problems.
One final caveat. Before you go rushing out to seal up your home in an effort to improve its air quality and energy efficiency, you must make a committment to reduce the amount of chemicalproducts that you use. More and more studies are showing that the air quality within our homes is often worse than the air we breathe outside. Carpeting that gives off toxic fumes, cleaning products, personal care products and electronic equipment are only a few of the products that we use indoors that is contributing to “sick house syndrome”. So before you tackle the job of improving your air quality and energy efficiency, use more natural products in your home to keep you and your family safe.
A Guide To Hardscapes Design And Construction
Outdoor living is the focus of home design, living and entertaining nowadays. This signifies one of the very most beneficial upgrades one may now do to the home is really in the backyard and other outdoor areas. A beautiful garden is fine, but practical areas such as patios, retaining walls and outdoor cooking and eating spaces must be the emphasis. That’s when landscaper designers utilise hardscapes to produce stunning and permanent designs.
When natural stone, concrete, pavers, blocks and bricks are employed as hardscapes it is known. These substances have been used throughout time as a construction materials. They complement any house style and architecture as well as their sturdiness is unmatched. Plus there’s hardly any maintenance required when proper construction practices are employed.
Decks produced from wood or engineered plastic demand regular maintenance and need frequent repair. A patio produced from flagstone supplies a really natural and inviting setting that lasts for several decades. Pavers can provide a ton of appearances, from an old world European look, to an even more modern, ordered feel. Textured concrete is additionally well-liked and it may be produced with designs to mimic many designs.
Other attributes such as firepits, BBQs and cooking areas may be created with stone and engineered concrete components. There is nothing like a backyard firepit for family time and entertaining. This little addition has a remarkably large impact on home value. Cooking areas run the range – gas grills could be integrated into stone partitions or even a free standing wood stove might be produced. These are stunning and functional additions to one’s outside living space.
These structures produce more space and will supply planting areas to further update the appearance of the lawn. You can find many different options. Dry stacked or mortared stone walls are ageless and classic. For a more updated look, interlocking blocks that do not need mortar are accessible. These are easy to set up and the interlocking design allows them all to hold back soil with no specific construction techniques.
Garden beds are likewise a superb upgrade to the yard. A garden wall further helps keep earth and provides a more finished look to a home. Interlocking blocks are ideal for smaller height beds. One can also terrace a hill to produce more planting space.
Much of this outdoor construction may be carried out by the homeowner. Most home retailers have several products especially made for do it-yourself projects. For much more extensive work or if one needs design support, it’s a great idea to phone in a landscaper or outside architect. They could help plan out a cohesive and complete design and are comfortable with the trends and designs.
Adding hardscapes not just provides more practical outdoor dwelling area, but the look and durability is just a long-lasting investment in the house’s value. There are numerous choices that the homeowner can do them self or for a total makeover, turn to a landscaper. In any case the result will probably be a much increased living space one may love for several years to come.
Selecting The Right Windows for Energy Efficiency
New window technologies have increased energy benefits and comfort, and have provided more practical options for consumers. This selection guide will help homeowners, architects, and builders take advantage of the expanding window market. The guide contains three
sections: an explanation of energy-related window characteristics, a discussion of window energy performance ratings, and a convenient checklist for window selection.
Selecting the right window for a specific home invariably requires tradeoffs between different
energy performance features, and with other non-energy issues. An understanding of some basic energy concepts is therefore essential to choosing appropriate windows and skylights. As illustrated on the following page, three major types of energy flow occur through windows:
(1) non-solar heat losses and gains in the form of conduction, convection, and radiation;
(2) solar heat gains in the form of radiation; and
(3) airflow, both intentional (ventilation) and unintentional (infiltration).
The non-solar heat flow through a window is a result of the temperature difference between the indoors and outdoors. Windows lose heat to the outside during the heating season and
gain heat from the outside during the cooling season, adding to the energy needs in a home. The effects of nonsolar heat flow are generally greater on heating needs than on cooling
needs because indoor-outdoor temperature differences are greater during the heating season than during the cooling season in most regions of the United States. For any window
product, the greater the temperature difference from inside to out, the greater the rate of heat flow.
A U-factor is a measure of the rate of non-solar heat flow through a window or skylight. (An R-value is a measure of the resistance of a window or skylight to heat flow and is the reciprocal of a U-factor.) Lower U-factors (or higher R values), thus indicate reduced heat flow. U-factors
allow consumers to compare the insulating properties of different windows
The insulating value of a singlepane window is due mainly to the thin films of still air on the interior and moving air on the exterior glazing surfaces. The glazing itself doesnt offer
much resistance to heat flow. Additional panes markedly reduce the U-factor by creating still air spaces, which increase insulating value.
In addition to conventional double-pane windows, many manufacturers offer windows
that incorporate relatively new tech- nologies aimed at decreasing U-factors.
These technologies include low-emittance (low-E) coatings and gas fills. A low-E coating is a microscopically thin, virtually invisible, metal or metallic oxide coating deposited on a glazing surface.
The coating may be applied to one or more of the glazing surfaces facing an
air space in a multiple-pane window, or to a thin plastic film inserted between panes. The coating limits radiative heat flow between panes by reflecting heat back into the home during cold weather and back to the outdoors during warm weather. This effect increases the insulating value of the window. Most window manufacturers now offer windows and skylights
with low-E coatings.
The spaces between windowpanes can be filled with gases that insulate better
than air. Argon, krypton, sulfur hexafluoride, and carbon dioxide are among the gases used for this purpose. Gas fills add only a few dollars to the prices of most windows and skylights. They are most effective when used in conjunction with low-E coatings. For these reasons, some manufacturers have made gas fills standard in their low-E windows and skylights.
The insulating value of an entire window can be very different from that of the glazing alone. The whole-window U-factor includes the effects of the glazing, the frame, and, if present, the insulating glass spacer. (The spacer is the component in a window that separates glazing panes. It often reduces the insulating value at the glazing edges.)
Since a single-pane window with a metal frame has about the same overall Ufactor as a single glass pane alone, frame and glazing edge effects were not of great concern before multiple-pane, low-E, and gas-filled windows and skylights were widely used. With the recent expansion of thermally improved glazing options offered by manufacturers, frame and spacer properties now can have a more pronounced influence on the U-factors of windows and skylights.
As a result, frame and spacer options have also multiplied as manufacturers offer improved designs. Window frames can be made of aluminum, steel, wood, vinyl, fiberglass, or
composites of these materials. Wood, fiberglass, and vinyl frames are better insulators than metal. Some aluminum frames are designed with internal thermal breaks, non-metal components that reduce heat flow through the frame.
These thermally broken aluminum frames can resist heat flow considerably better than aluminum frames without thermal breaks. Composite frames may use two or more materials (e.g. aluminum-clad wood, vinyl-clad wood) to optimize their design and performance, and typically have insulating values intermediate between those of the materials comprising them. Frame geometry, as well as material type, also strongly influences thermal performance properties.
Spacers can be made of aluminum, steel, fiberglass, foam, or combinations of
these materials. Spacer thermal perfor- mance is as much a function of geometry as of composition. For example, some well-designed metal spacers insulate almost as well as foam.
The table on page 3 shows representative U-factors for window glazing, frame, and spacer combinations under winter design conditions. Due to their orientation and their greater projected surface areas, domed and other shaped tilted and horizontal skylights have significantly higher U-factors than do vertical windows of similar materials and opening sizes.
Air conditioning refers to a system for controlling and regulating the humidity, ventilation and the temperature of a building or room for making it comfortable for the occupants. Air conditioning finds application in domestic, commercial and industrial fields.
Air conditioning also form an integral part of the medical and transportation sectors also, in both hospitals and transporting temperature fragile goods.
Conventional methods of air conditioning require a large energy source for maintaining the temperature. This translates into a high-energy requirement, high cost and high carbon dioxides emissions which has negative impacts both economically and with regard to the environment A break through in the air conditioning field came with the use of a new technology which makes use of the latent heat from the outside environment for controlling and regulating the indoor temperature. Using this technology Daikin has startled the Air conditioning industry with the production of its all-new Altherma! Daikins Altherma has high-energy use optimization.
This has been made possible with the advent of the new technology which absorbs the latent heat from the environment for its process. Altherma from Daikin has literally revolutionized the air conditioning industry.
Conventional air-conditioning systems depend upon water at heightened temperature during winter seasons to regulate the temperature. Modern day buildings are well-insulated structures built specifically with the comfort and well being of the occupants in mind. These well insulated buildings have made it easier for the working of the air conditioning systems making a reduction in the temperature of the water circulated thus saving a lot of energy. Altherma comes with a hydro-box that is compact and can be installed in limited spaces out side the building.
Air conditioning refers to the cooling and de-humidification of indoor air for thermal comfort. In a wider sense, the term can be referred to as any form of cooling, heating, ventilation or disinfection that modifies the condition of air.
An air conditioner or an air-con is an appliance, system, or mechanism designed to stabilize the air temperature and humidity within an area, typically using a refrigeration cycle but sometimes using evaporation. Most commonly for comfort cooling in buildings and transportation vehicles. Refrigeration air conditioning equipment usually reduces the humidity of the air processed by the system. The relatively cold evaporator coil condenses water vapor from the processed air, sending the water to a drain and removing water vapor from the cooled space and lowering the relative humidity.
For air conditioning in residential homes, some countries set minimum requirements for energy efficiency. In the United States, the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) often rates the efficiency of air conditioners. The higher the SEER rating, the more energy efficient is the air conditioner. The SEER rating is the BTU of cooling output during its normal annual usage divided by the total electric energy input in watt-hours during the same period.
No matter what profession you are in, you will be impacted by real estate in some form or another. Whether you own, rent or sub-let, your life is impacted by real estate and the professionals or individuals that sell, manage or own it.
With that in mind, it would make sense that you just might be interested in people who have made it big in real estate. There are a select few in the entire world who have made their tremendous mark on the real estate landscape. Although, there were many struggles along the way, they arrived at that coveted spot of being a famous real estate tycoon.
Sarah Beeny is a developer and a host of Property Ladder, a British television program in the U.K. Beeny is a die-hard optimist and proponent for incorporating energy efficiency into building or remodeling.
Tim Blixseth is an American real estate mogul and billionaire businessman. He made a promise early on in his investment life to only collect assets, not liabilities, for the remainder of his life. He says he’s stuck to that promise.
Donald Bren, according to Forbes.com, is the wealthiest real estate tycoon on the planet with a $12 billion net worth. He currently owns hundreds of office buildings, along with 90 apartment complexes.
Conrad Hilton is the founder of Hilton Hotels. Hilton was known as a tremendous philanthropist who believed charity was a basic requirement for humanity.
Stanley Ho is one of the richest people in Asia. He’s a Macau and Hong Kong billionaire and casino mogul.
Lee Shau Kee is recently most famous for losing around $8 billion in net worth just in the past two years. Even with the huge losses, Kee continues to be noted as a real estate magnate as owner for Henderson Land Development. China’s greater region still considers Kee as one of the area’s richest people.
Ray Kroc is a entrepreneur who founded the McDonald’s Corporation franchise. Kroc purchased all rights to the McDonald’s name from the founding brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald. He took the franchise internationally to Japan and Germany in 1971.
Akira Mori is a famous Japanese real estate tycoon and billionaire. He’s one of the richest men in the world. President and CEO of Mori Trust, his family’s company owns real estate and hotels in Tokyo and all over Japan.
Minoru Mori is also a famous Japanese tycoon and billionaire. He and his brother Akira are sons to Taikichiro Mori.
Donald Trump is a famous television celebrity and billionaire real estate developer. Although his investments fluctuate with the waves of the sea, he always seems to come out on top.
Steve Wynn is a well-known Las Vegas casino and resort developer who developed some of the most opulent casinos and resorts in the City of Las Vegas.
Sam Zell’s net worth exceeds $6 billion. He is ranked 68th on Forbes’ list of richest Americans. He co-founded Equity Group Investments LLC that launched Equity Residential and Equity Office Properties.
Hardwood flooring lends a touch of class and strength to your home. As a matter of fact, be it a residential set up or a commercial place, Hardwood Floorings are ideal for both. Hardwood Floors are made of solid wood which accounts for their exceptional strength and long lasting nature. Besides the functional brilliance, these floors have a rustic appeal which makes you feel close to nature and its peacefulness. Known for its versatility and easy maintenance, it remains a popular choice for those who value tradition. This article will illuminate various advantages of Hardwood flooring and will also shed light on its maintenance.
Merits Of Hardwood flooring
Hardwood Flooring has its own warmth and character. There are so many options, natural colors, stained wood, textures, glossy finish, etc. You can add new dimensions to your interiors and make them overwhelmingly beautiful. Its timeless appeal gives the house natural warmth and beauty.
Easy To Maintain
Hardwood floors are not very demanding when it comes to cleaning and maintenance. With regular cleaning procedures include vacuuming and moping with damp cloth, you can keep your Hardwood floor shining for years. Minor blemishes like scratches, dents, etc. can be removed by refinishing.
Amongst all the flooring types, Hardwood is one of the most durable. This solid and sturdy flooring is able to withstand heavy furniture as well as dents and scratches. Unlike in case of other flooring solutions, you need not worry too much of fractures or ugly damages in Hardwood floors.
One of the merits of Hardwood flooring is its market value. Many realtors agree that hardwood floors add significance to the house in monetary terms. This versatile material gives a look of grandeur to the house, thereby increasing the price tag on the property.
Maintenance Tips For Hardwood Flooring
When possible, leave shoes at the doorstep to avoid bringing dirt and filth onto the floor.
Never use oil soaps on the wooden floor as it will eventually build up and dull the floor.
When moving the furniture, lift it instead of dragging it to avoid scratches on the hardwood floor.
Use soft broom or vacuum with a bare floor attachment as they easily remove dust without harming the floor.
Stepfast Flooring is one of the most distinguished Suppliers and Importers of Wooden Floorings in Perth. The offerings of the company include Bamboo Flooring, Laminate Flooring, Engineered Timber Flooring, Prefinished Hardwood Flooring, Compressed Wood flooring, Artificial Grass, and WPC Decking. You can log on to to know more about the company and its offerings.